What is Oral Communication?
Oral communication is one that is established between two or more people using a language or code shared through a physical means of transmission , which traditionally was the air, although today we can add the telephone or video conference.
Oral communication allows us to transmit to the person with whom we speak information, ideas, feelings, emotions, beliefs, opinions, attitudes, etc.
To carry out oral communication, we use the voice to reproduce the sounds of the language , form words and create messages that contain the information we want to transmit to our interlocutor.
For oral communication to take place, there must be at least two people involved who alternately perform the role of sender (the one who delivers the information) and receiver (the one who receives it).
The transmitted information is known as a message . This message is produced according to a system of linguistic sounds corresponding to a code or language .
The transmission of the message is carried out through a physical medium , which can be air, but it can also be some telecommunications device, such as a telephone or a computer.
The oral communication process, in turn, is framed within a context that may affect the meaning or meaning of the message: the place, the situation and the circumstance in which it is delivered will determine the way in which it is received and interpreted.
Oral communication is characterized by being spontaneous, developing on the go, being direct and simple, by resorting to body language to reinforce or emphasize the message (gestures, attitudes, postures), by being dynamic and immediate.
Oral communication is typical of the human being and is established in all areas in which he relates and needs to communicate: from personal to professional, from political to economic or commercial.
Examples of oral communication occur daily: a conversation, a talk, a conference, a speech, an interview, a master class, a debate, are quite common oral communication situations.
Types of oral communication
Spontaneous oral communication
Spontaneous oral communication is one that does not attend to a previously established plan, topic, or structure, but develops in the form of dialogue between two or more people. An example of spontaneous oral communication is informal conversation.
Planned oral communication
Planned oral communication is known as that which obeys a previously drawn plan, with guidelines, themes or structures designed in advance. This plan will guide the communication process so that it is carried out within certain defined limits. This type of communication can be, in turn, of two kinds: multidirectional and unidirectional.
Planned oral communication is multidirectional when, within its guidelines for interaction, it establishes the intervention of various interlocutors who offer their different opinions and approaches on a previously defined topic or issue. An example of this type of communication can be a debate.
We speak of unidirectional planned oral communication when only one issuer intervenes and addresses an audience to present a topic or issue extensively. Examples of one-way communication are speeches, conferences, or master classes.
Oral and written communication
The oral communication is one that occurs in real time between two or more people, using voice and a shared code to transmit a message, amid a defined context or situation. It is spontaneous, direct, simple and dynamic.
The written communication, however, occurs delayed: the plasma emitter through graphic signs the code written in a language to develop a message that will subsequently be received and decoded by a receiver. It is characterized by a higher level of elaboration and planning. Furthermore, compared to oral communication, which is ephemeral, writing remains.