Before proceeding to know the meaning of the term deportation, we are going to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it is a word that derives from Latin. It is exactly the result of the sum of three components of said language:
-The prefix “de-”, which is used to indicate “from top to bottom”.
-The verb “portare”, which is synonymous with “carry”.
-The suffix “-cion”, which is used to represent “action and effect”.
Deportation is the act and consequence of deporting. This verb (to deport), for its part, refers to forcibly sending a person to a place – foreign or not – as a punishment.
Deportation is linked to exile since it implies expelling the individual from a certain territory. In general, it is a political measure whose objective is to remove from a country or a region those who fail to comply with certain norms or principles.
An immigrant whose residence in a State is not legalized may be a victim of deportation. In these cases, the national authorities expel the immigrant and send him back to his place of origin. It is not a decision of the person, but that the deportation is carried out compulsorily: it is not possible to oppose it.
In other cases, deportation may be for a religious or ethnic reason: a government decides that those belonging to a certain group can no longer reside in its territory. Deportations can even be the precursor to genocide, as happened when the Nazi regime deported Jews and other groups to concentration camps to kill them. The victims were taken from their homes and forcibly transferred to extermination centers.
In the same way, we cannot ignore the fact that deportations also took place in fifteenth-century Spain. Specifically, for ethnic and religious reasons, the Jews were expelled from that land and a few centuries later the same thing happened, but in this case with the Moors.
Although it is usual for the deportee to be sent abroad, there are also internal deportations. In the 19th century, for example, the US government pushed for the deportation of Aboriginal people from the east to the west of the nation. Through mechanisms such as the purchase of land and the signing of treaties, many indigenous people had to leave their homes and settle elsewhere on the soil of the United States.
Currently, in Spain, for example, non-Spanish citizens can be expelled when they commit serious or very serious offenses such as:
-Participate in activities that threaten national security and that can damage the country’s relations with other nations.
-Facilitate, promote, promote or facilitate, for profit, clandestine immigration to Spain or in transit.
-Carrying out the hiring of foreign workers without having previously obtained the necessary work and residence authorization.
– Being irregularly in the country for not having the residence permit, for having it expired for more than three months or for not having managed to obtain what is the extension of stay.