What is Computing?
Computing is synonymous with computing . As such, it refers to the technology developed for the automatic treatment of information through the use of computers or computers.
In this sense, computing is also an area of knowledge made up of disciplines related to science and technology, for the study, from the theoretical and practical point of view, of the fundamentals of automatic data processing, and its development, implementation and application in computer systems.
The word computation comes from the Latin computatĭo, computatiōnis, which derives from the verb computāre, the meaning of which is to ‘enumerate quantities’. Computing, in this sense, designates the action and effect of computing, making an account, a mathematical calculation. Hence, in the past, computing was a term used to refer to calculations made by a person with or without an instrument expressly used for that purpose (such as the abacus, for example).
Cloud computing , cloud services or cloud computing , refers to a concept of computer services that offers, for free or paid, to users located anywhere in the world and with internet connection , programs or applications for personal use or business that are hosted on the internet (also called “cloud”). Today, this concept is very common, and we find it in email services, social networks or software such as Microsoft Office 365, which do not need to be installed on a computer, but can be used directly in the cloud.
The ubiquitous computing is a concept futuristic technology , originally developed by Mark Weiser , which aims at the integration of computer systems in every aspect of human life as naturally under interaction mechanisms as intuitive, can be said to form part of people’s environment in a practically invisible way, which is why it is also known as ambient intelligence. As the word implies, ubiquitous computing is in every aspect of everyday life. Situations such as shopping, preparing coffee, obtaining an address or traffic information, would all be integrated by interconnected computing devices with the aim of facilitating people’s daily tasks, creating a revolution in our way of life.
The quantum computing is a concept that proposes the application of the theories of quantum physics in information technology , with the goal of creating computers with the ability to process larger amounts of information faster than traditional computers. Instead of using bits , it uses qubits (or quantum bits), which gives rise to new logic gates and, consequently, new algorithms. This technology, which emerged in the 1980s, is still under development, however.
The computer graphics is the area of computer science dedicated to the generation, design and presentation of visual images on a computer, either two – dimensional or three – dimensional nature, whether animation or capture, creation and video editing, applying no only in all fields of human knowledge, but also in entertainment, art or warfare.
The distributed computing is a concept that refers to the use of a broad network of interconnected computers p ara perform certain tasks. In this sense, this system, also known as mesh computing , takes advantage of the resources available in a large number of personal computers and puts them to work in a coordinated and joint way to solve large-scale computing problems, as if it were a supercomputer. .
The abbreviations NTICX , in the computing environment, mean New Information Technologies and Connectivity.