Comparison (from the Latin comparatio) is the action and effect of comparing. This verb refers to paying attention to two or more things to recognize their differences and similarities and to discover their relationships. Comparing, therefore, is comparing.
For example: “The comparison between the two space rockets shows that the American is much more advanced”, “No soccer player can resist the comparison with Diego Maradona”, “I found the analyst’s comparison of the two cases very interesting ”.
The comparison can focus on physical aspects or on symbolic issues. In this way, if you want to compare two people, it is possible to do so from a physical point of view, which will show, for example, that one of them is taller, more robust and grayer than the other, or taking their personalities as a reference, after which it could be said that one of the two people is more sociable, tends to express themselves aloud in meetings, and bonds more easily.
Comparisons are usually not as accurate if subjective traits are observed, since the number of variables is too high and it is often impossible to access all of them. For example, if you want to make a comparison between two opera singers (something that fans often do with their idols to try to dethrone their competitors), the extension of each voice, its tessitura (the region in the which move more easily), their color, their shape, the characteristics of their vibrato, the abilities and skills that each one possesses (such as trills, coloratura and the mastery to achieve pianísimos in very high notes), among others.
But in addition to all the technical issues, even if the two voices compared were very similar, the personal ones should be taken into account, such as the tastes of each singer, which can lead them to choose one or the other path within the music, regardless of the capabilities of your instrument. For example, a soprano with clear conditions for romantic music but with a deep love for early baroque music may choose the latter and do her best to adapt her voice to her best, even if many critics suggested that she go for it. the first.
An effective comparison can occur in the field of services, although there are also subjective variables, such as the quality of customer service, since unless it is truly brilliant or very poor, the evaluation will depend on the experience of different people, each one with a unique perception. However, as is often the case with insurance companies and Internet providers, it is possible to prepare comparative tables to contrast points such as the price of registration, monthly payments, available plans, and so on.
Electronic devices can also be subjected to a technical comparison with a high degree of effectiveness, although in this case there are also difficult issues to analyze, since the type of technology used in each of the items can make, for example, two processors with the same speed expressed in numbers are not equally capable.
In grammar, the comparison indicates three different degrees in adjectives: positive, comparative, and superlative. The adjective clean can appear in a positive degree (“The water is clean”), in a comparative degree (“The water in this pond is cleaner than the water from that source”) or in a superlative degree (“The water in this pond is very clean ”).
The resource of comparison also allows creating a rhetorical figure known as simile, which is established with relational elements such as “which” or “how”: “His hands like hammers smashed the door”, “The thief was walking on the rooftops like a cat in the night ”.