The notion of comet finds its origin in the Latin word comēta which, in turn, derives from a Greek term that is translated into Spanish as “hair”. The word has multiple meanings, although the most common use is the one that presents it as a star that, in general, is composed of a nucleus of low density and a luminous atmosphere (that is, the “hair”) that precedes it, surrounds or accompanying according to their location in relation to the sun.
These celestial bodies are made up of ice and rocks, and usually move in elliptical orbits of great eccentricity. Due to their composition, comets sublimate when they are close to the Sun.
After the telescope was invented, astronomers were able to determine that comets appear periodically. The first scientist to notice this was the Englishman Edmund Halley, who in 1705 was able to anticipate that the comet that would bear his name (Halley’s Comet) would appear in 1758.
In addition to the aforementioned Halley, there are other very important comets as would be the case, for example, of Comet Hale-Bopp that was discovered in 1995 and which is characterized by being one of the brightest that have been seen in many decades.
Likewise, we must not forget Comet Humason, which is named after the person who discovered it on the first day of September 1961. Its main hallmark and the one that really makes it relevant worldwide is its giant size.
A comet can be classified as barbato (the luminous atmosphere precedes the nucleus), crinito (its hair is divided into several branches), corniform (its tail is bent) or caudate (the luminous atmosphere goes behind the nucleus).
However, we can establish that there are two more classes of comet classifications. One of them is the one carried out based on their size in kilometers. In this way we find the Goliaths, which are those with more than 50 kilometers, the giants that are between 10 and 50, the large ones that have a size between 6 to 10, the medium ones that are between 3 to 6, the small ones that have between 1.5 and 3 kilometers, and finally the aquinos that have a maximum of 1.5 kilometers.
The second classification is the one that differentiates them based on their cometary age. Thus, we find the baby kites that are less than 4 years old, the young that are not over 30, the medium that are less than 70 years old, the old that are less than 100 years old and finally the Methuselahs that are older than 100 years..
Moreover, a comet (also known, in this regard, as skipjack, volantín, papalote or pandorga, among other names) is named after the flying winning artifact height and soars through the action of the wind and can be directed from the earth using one or more threads.
The kite is one of the most traditional entertainment for children, although there are also kite competitions where adults participate.
Finally, it should be noted that comet is a card game where the nine of coins is the wild card.