What is chemical compound?
Chemical compound is an expression that is used to refer to those substances that are made up of two or more elements of the periodic table.
Depending on the origin of the elements involved in their formation, chemical compounds are classified into two essential types: organic compounds and inorganic compounds.
These compounds come from the chemical synthesis that occurs from the accumulation of plant and animal material, which under certain conditions of pressure and temperature decompose and become fuels.
In this way, organic compounds result from the union of bonded carbons with one another, in turn bonded to hydrogen. This results in the formation of hydrocarbons.
There are also compounds that contain other substances such as sulfur, nitrogen or oxygen, among others. In these cases, the resulting products receive the generic name of functional groups, from which alcohols, esters, aldehydes and other types of substances can be obtained.
In any case, organic compounds have the property of providing energy, that is, they function as fuels.
Although they occur naturally, humans have managed to create organic compounds through artificial synthesis processes.
Some examples of organic compounds are petroleum, natural gas, DNA molecules, sugars, lipids, oil or alcohols.
Inorganic compounds are called those that do not derive from the synthesis of plant or animal material, but from other processes. Therefore, carbon does not participate in this type of chemical compound.
Of rest, all the known elements collaborate in the formation of inorganic compounds. Thus, ionic bonds prevail and, to a lesser extent, covalent bonds.
Since inorganic compounds are not synthesized by living things, they are rather the result of various types of physical and chemical phenomena, such as electrolysis, fusion, diffusion, and sublimation.
Some examples of inorganic compounds are: water, sodium chloride (or common salt), ammonia, baking soda, or citric acid.