Caledonia County, Vermont is located in the northeastern part of the state and is home to a population of 31,000 people. It spans an area of 741 square miles and is the fourth least populous county in the state. The county seat is St. Johnsbury and it is also home to the largest city in Caledonia County, Lyndonville. Other cities include Danville (1,735), Hardwick (1,660), Peacham (755) and Walden (731). See top counties in Vermont.
The median household income for Caledonia County residents is just over $45,000 which is slightly higher than both the Vermont state average and national average. The poverty rate for the county sits at 11% which is slightly lower than both the state and national averages due to its rural nature where there are fewer employment opportunities available.
The majority of Caledonia County’s population identifies as white with 28% identifying as Latino or Hispanic. Additionally, 8% identify as Native American or Alaskan Native while 2% identify as Black or African American and 1% identify as Asian American. There are also smaller populations that identify with other ethnicities such as Pacific Islander or Middle Eastern descent.
The economy of Caledonia County has traditionally been based on agriculture but has shifted more towards tourism in recent years due to its picturesque landscapes and numerous outdoor recreational activities available to visitors throughout the year. The county also boasts several historic sites including a Revolutionary War battlefield site in Danville which attracts many visitors each year.
History of Caledonia County, Vermont
Caledonia County, Vermont was established in 1792 and was named for the ancient Roman province of Caledonia which was located in modern-day Scotland. The first settlers arrived in the area around 1783 and the county quickly grew as immigrants from Europe, Canada, and other parts of the United States settled in the area.
In 1805, St. Johnsbury became Caledonia County’s first town and it quickly became the county seat due to its central location. Throughout the 19th century, several other towns were established including Danville, Hardwick, Peacham and Walden.
The economy of Caledonia County has always been based on agriculture with dairy farming being one of its main sources of income. However, over time more industries such as lumbering and paper mills began to take hold which helped to diversify its economy.
During the Civil War, many men from Caledonia County enlisted in both sides of the conflict though most served in Union forces due to Vermont’s abolitionist stance. In 1862 a major battle took place at Danville which resulted in a Union victory though it was one of only a few battles fought on Vermont soil during this time period.
Caledonia County continued to grow throughout the 20th century as more people moved into rural areas seeking employment opportunities or simply looking for a change of pace from urban life. Today, much of Caledonia County’s economy is based on tourism with visitors coming for its picturesque landscapes and numerous outdoor recreational activities available throughout the year including camping, hiking, fishing and skiing.
Major cities and towns in Caledonia County, Vermont
Caledonia County, Vermont is home to several major cities and towns. The largest of these is St. Johnsbury which serves as the county seat and is home to the Fairbanks Museum & Planetarium, one of the oldest museums in the United States. Other major cities in the county include Danville, Hardwick, and Lyndonville.
Danville is often referred to as “the Birthplace of Vermont” due to its role in the early history of the state and it also boasts a Revolutionary War battlefield site which attracts many visitors each year. Hardwick has a strong agricultural tradition and is home to several farms, including one of Vermont’s oldest maple sugar operations. Lyndonville is known for its many historic buildings which offer unique shopping experiences and are frequented by tourists from all over New England.
In addition to these larger cities, Caledonia County also contains numerous smaller towns such as Barnet, Cabot, Groton, Ryegate and Walden that offer their own unique attractions including hiking trails, lakeside camping spots and historic sites from Revolutionary War-era battles.
The county also contains several unincorporated villages such as East Burke which are popular tourist destinations due to their charming atmosphere and close proximity to ski resorts such as Burke Mountain Resort.
No matter where you go in Caledonia County you will find something interesting or exciting to do thanks to its rich history, picturesque landscapes and numerous outdoor recreational activities available throughout the year. Whether you’re looking for a day trip or a weekend getaway, Caledonia County has something for everyone.
Population in Caledonia County, Vermont
According to Iamaccepted, Caledonia County is located in the northeastern part of Vermont and is bordered by New Hampshire and Canada. According to the 2019 U.S. Census, Caledonia County has a population of 31,686.
The population of Caledonia County is spread out over a large area, with the majority of the population living in rural areas. The largest city in the county is St. Johnsbury, which has a population of 6,817 people. The other main towns and cities are Lyndonville, Danville, Hardwick and Barnet. The median age in Caledonia County is 42.8 years old, slightly older than the median age for Vermont (41.3). The racial makeup of the county is 93% White, 2% Black or African American, 1% Asian, 0.5% Native American or Alaska Native and 3% from two or more races. There are also small percentages of other races such as Pacific Islander and Hispanic/Latino residents making up the remaining 1%. Caledonia County has a relatively low unemployment rate at 3%, slightly lower than Vermont’s average rate of 3.4%. Most of the workforce is employed in manufacturing (23%), health care (14%), retail trade (13%) and educational services (11%).