It is called alcoholism to addiction to alcohol. It is, therefore, a disease caused by excessive consumption of this type of beverage, which generates various health disorders.
For example: “My uncle lost everything due to his alcoholism: he was left without a job, his house was auctioned off and his wife abandoned him”, “The singer announced that he will suspend the tour to enter a clinic with the intention of treating his alcoholism problem “, ” Be careful, you’re only one step away from falling into alcoholism “.
It should be noted that an alcoholic beverage is one that, among its compounds, has ethyl alcohol (a chemical compound also called ethanol). These drinks can be produced through a distillation or fermentation process. Ethyl alcohol, on the other hand, causes different effects on the body, which can cause confusion, euphoria, nausea and torpor, and is also toxic.
When the body generates a need to drink alcoholic beverages, it is said that the person suffers from alcoholism. It is important to note that alcohol is a drug that is legal in most countries, despite the fact that it causes a large number of deaths worldwide.
Anyone with alcoholism is classified as an alcoholic. These individuals have a physical dependence on alcohol: if they do not consume it, they experience a withdrawal syndrome. In addition to behavioral changes, chronic alcoholism can cause cirrhosis, hepatitis, impotence, and heart disease, among other problems.
The consequences that alcoholism causes in the organism are not more serious than the level of destruction that it causes in the sentimental and labor planes of the person. In cases that include a large exposure with each state of drunkenness, it is common for shame to arise later, as well as reproaches from family members who have felt humiliated by the situation.
When alcoholism leads the individual to make a fool of himself in front of his surroundings, the consequences can be especially negative and considerably reduce the chances of recovering: although on the one hand, the moments of exposure may awaken in someone the desire to help him. more normal is that they attract severe criticism and away from loved ones.
There are various treatments that help control alcoholism so that the person can remain sober and abstain from consumption, although it requires the will and firm decision of the patient.
Before reaching alcoholism itself, it is much easier to achieve a reduction in consumption to normal levels; however, once the line is crossed, the following signs begin to appear:
* it becomes impossible to control the amount of drink ingested;
* It is increasingly necessary to drink more to achieve the same effects;
* withdrawal symptoms begin within hours of the last alcohol intake, some of which are tremors, sweating, and anxiety;
* the drink becomes so important that it overshadows any other activity, even those that in the past have occupied much of their time, such as their vocations;
* similar to the previous point, his closest relationships and his work are put at risk, but this does not get him to stop drinking, and the doom grows exponentially.
Although the causes of alcoholism are not known with certainty, many experts point out that there may be a genetic predisposition combined with environmental issues and certain personality traits, such as lack of self-esteem and impulsiveness. In other words, people with a history of alcoholism in their family and who lead too stressful or demanding lives are very likely to fall into the clutches of alcohol.